Access to education is one of the most important struggles to guarantee not only the preparation of an individual, but also the possibility of people to know and exercise their rights throughout their lives.
In Mexico, one of the great problems that the government and society have faced is guaranteeing access to education for all people in a homogeneous way in all corners of the country and with the same level of quality.
Education is a fundamental strategic asset for social and economic growth. The future of a society relies on the ability of individuals to jointly organize and solve problems, this makes education a fundamental element for our country’s development.
Today we share 7 solutions that we must reach as a society in order to guarantee access to education in Mexico.
1. Understand that population growth must be accompanied by the creation of new learning centers.
In Mexico, around 1.4 million children and teenagers invest an excessive amount of time traveling to their institutions. This is a problem that gets worse in rural communities, and even more so among indigenous populations.
2. Support policies focused on investing in schools’ infrastructure.
It is not enough to open a school, but to ensure that its facilities are functional and provide students with the basic services for their development. In this regard, the diagnostic report of the Right to Education 2020 by Coneval (National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy) yields two worrying pieces of information:
- In primary education, only 4 out of 10 schools have computers and internet for students.
- In secondary education, only 23% of the units have adequate infrastructure and drinking fountains.
3. Emphasize the culture of high school education and reduce dropouts.
A turning point in access to education in Mexico is the transition from basic education to secondary education. The net enrollment rate goes from 98.4% in elementary school to a dramatic 62% in high school, so we must ensure the retention of students during their transition to middle school and high school, the stage with the highest dropout rate.
4. Guarantee ongoing and quality education for Mexican teachers.
In the words of Carmen Lopez, Chief of Education for UNICEF Mexico: “Attending school is not enough; children and teenages have the right to learn.”
To ensure a quality education at all levels of the educational system, it is essential that teachers have access to courses and constant updates in their areas of discipline to ensure their professional growth and, as a consequence, a better transmission of their knowledge to all their students.
5. Create and implement academic support programs in specific disciplines for lagging students.
This topic has been neglected for a long time and today it is proven that not all people learn all subjects in the same way and this causes a high level of dropouts. Of course, one must start from a basic educational scheme, but the grade repetition system has only brought stigma and discrimination to students who find it difficult to learn a particular area and end up leaving the classrooms.
6. Work towards a homogenous access to the internet and “device equity.”
Statistically, the number of internet accesses in Mexico has risen exponentially in recent years, but the reality is that some families have one device per person to perform school or work tasks, while a large number must share the cell phone or laptop used by the entire family.
7. Don’t forget the importance of adult education.
Ongoing education is one of the foundations for success and professional growth throughout a person’s life. Mechanisms and institutions must be strengthened to ensure that when finishing a school grade or wanting to resume academic life at any age, we have that possibility.
Access to education is one of the most effective ways to close inequality gaps and guarantee other social rights to vulnerable groups. According to Coneval specialists: “It plays a decisive role in the emancipation of women, the protection of children against labor exploitation, dangerous work and sexual exploitation, the promotion of human rights and democracy, the protection of the environment and the control of population growth.”